American Football Goal Suchformular
Im American Football ist ein Field Goal nur vom "Play from Scrimmage" erlaubt und nur so lange der Ball sich noch auf der. Pass) über die gegnerische Goalline getragen oder in der Endzone gefangen wird. Der Spieler muss bei einem Passspielzug mit beiden Beinen (NFL-Regeln). Ein Football Tor oder auch "Field Goal" wie es im Englischen heißt, gehört immer zu einem Spiel dazu. Ohne diese Torstangen kann man kein. Ein Field Goal ist der Versuch der angreifenden Mannschaft, den Ball durch die Torstangen zu kicken und damit drei Punkte zu erzielen. Es ist dabei sowohl ein. In der Mitte jeder Endzone sind die Goals platziert, durch die man im American Football den Extrapunkt oder das Field Goal erzielen kann. Die Linien vor den.
In der Mitte jeder Endzone sind die Goals platziert, durch die man im American Football den Extrapunkt oder das Field Goal erzielen kann. Die Linien vor den. Im American Football ist ein Field Goal nur vom "Play from Scrimmage" erlaubt und nur so lange der Ball sich noch auf der. Pass) über die gegnerische Goalline getragen oder in der Endzone gefangen wird. Der Spieler muss bei einem Passspielzug mit beiden Beinen (NFL-Regeln).
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When does football season start? The American Football regular season begins every year on the weekend that follows the first Monday of September.
This occurs yearly as the weekend following the American Labor Day Holiday. How long is a football game?
The average American Football game lasts for 3 hours and 12 minutes. Although the official game clock of a football game is only four quarters at 15 minutes each 60 minutes total , the clock is stopped after any incomplete pass, when a player with the ball steps out of bounds, or when a timeout is called.
How many players are on a football team? American Football is played with a maximum of 11 players from each team on the field at a single time. Each team is allowed to maintain a roster of up to 45 players of different skills, sizes, and roles that can be substituted into the game at any time.
Related Collections American Football. Sports Goals. Ball Sports. Team Sports. Sometimes, if the team can not score a touchdown they might want to kick it through the uprights for three points.
The uprights are also used for scoring one point after a team scored a touchdown. There are many types of players on a football team.
For the offensive part of the team, a quarterback throws the football to wide receivers while offensive linemen block to protect him from defensive players.
The offensive linemen also block when a running back runs to advance the football. Players on the Defensive line , a linebacker , and defensive backs cornerbacks and American football safeties attempt to tackle the offensive player who carries the football.
Some team members only play during certain times. These players belong to the Special Teams. The kicker can kick the ball to the other team or between the uprights, while the placeholder holds the ball steady.
The kick returner runs the ball down the field in an attempt to score points after catching the ball. A touchdown is achieved when a player has legal possession of the ball and the ball crosses an imaginary vertical plane above the opposing team's goal line.
After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try for 1 or 2 points see below. A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.
A field goal is scored when the ball is place kicked between the goal posts behind the opponent's end zone. The most common type of kick used is the place kick.
For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.
Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over. Immediately following a touchdown, the scoring team can attempt to kick the ball between the goal posts for 1 extra point.
The team can also run or pass the ball into the end zone for 2 points. This is not done very often although it does happen.
A safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone. When this happens two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.
This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball. It can also happen if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.
A safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone.
Exhibition season better known as Pre-Season is in August. In the exhibition season, the teams get ready for the regular season by having training.
Teams have practices to help the team get better and see who will make the team. All of the teams play 4 games before the regular season starts, and the games do not change what team gets to the post season.
Safeties are themselves divided into free safeties FS and strong safeties SS. Safeties line up between the cornerbacks but farther back in the secondary.
Safeties are the last line of defense and are responsible for stopping deep passing plays as well as running plays.
The special teams unit is responsible for all kicking plays. The special teams unit of the team in control of the ball tries to execute field goal FG attempts, punts and kickoffs , while the opposing team's unit will aim to block or return them.
The long snapper's job is to snap the football to the holder, who will catch and position it for the placekicker.
There is not usually a holder on kickoffs, because the ball is kicked off a tee; however, a holder may be used in certain situations, such as if wind is preventing the ball from remaining upright on the tee.
The player on the receiving team who catches the ball is known as the kickoff returner KR. The positions specific to punt plays are the punter P , long snapper, upback and gunner.
The long snapper snaps the football directly to the punter, who then drops and kicks it before it hits the ground.
Gunners line up split outside the line and race down the field, aiming to tackle the punt returner PR —the player who catches the punt.
Upbacks line up a short distance behind the line of scrimmage, providing additional protection to the punter. In football, the winner is the team that has scored more points at the end of the game.
There are multiple ways to score in a football game. The touchdown TD , worth six points, is the most valuable scoring play in American football.
A touchdown is scored when a live ball is advanced into, caught in, or recovered in the opposing team's end zone.
A PAT is most commonly attempted from the two- or three-yard line, depending on the level of play. If a PAT is scored by a placekick or dropkick through the goal posts, it is worth one point, typically called the extra point.
If it is scored by what would normally be a touchdown it is worth two points, typically called the two-point conversion. In general, the extra point is almost always successful while the two-point conversion is a much riskier play with a higher probability of failure; accordingly, extra point attempts are far more common than two-point conversion attempts.
A field goal FG , worth three points, is scored when the ball is placekicked or dropkicked through the uprights and over the crossbars of the defense's goalposts.
A safety is scored when the ball carrier is tackled in their own end zone. Safeties are worth two points, which are awarded to the defense.
Lines marked along the ends and sides of the field are known as the end lines and sidelines. Goal lines are marked 10 yards 9.
Weighted pylons are placed the sidelines on the inside corner of the intersections with the goal lines and end lines. White markings on the field identify the distance from the end zone.
Inbound lines, or hash marks , are short parallel lines that mark off 1-yard 0. Yard lines , which can run the width of the field, are marked every 5 yards 4.
A one-yard-wide line is placed at each end of the field; this line is marked at the center of the two-yard line in professional play and at the three-yard line in college play.
Numerals that display the distance from the closest goal line in yards are placed on both sides of the field every ten yards. Goalposts are located at the center of the plane of the two end lines.
The crossbar of these posts is 10 feet 3. Goal posts are padded at the base, and orange ribbons are normally placed at the tip of each upright as indicators of wind strength and direction.
The football itself is an oval ball, similar to the balls used in rugby or Australian rules football. Football games last for a total of 60 minutes in professional and college play and are divided into two halves of 30 minutes and four quarters of 15 minutes.
The visiting team can call either "heads" or "tails"; the winner of the toss chooses whether to receive or kick off the ball or which goal they wish to defend.
They can defer their choice until the second half. Unless the winning team decides to defer, the losing team chooses the option the winning team did not select—to receive, kick, or select a goal to defend to begin the second half.
Most teams choose to receive or defer, because choosing to kick the ball to start the game allows the other team to choose which goal to defend.
Games last longer than their defined length due to play stoppages—the average NFL game lasts slightly over three hours. An operator is responsible for starting, stopping and operating the game clock based on the direction of the appropriate official.
If the play clock expires before the ball has been snapped or free-kicked, a delay of game foul is called on the offense. The play clock is set 25 seconds after certain administrative stoppages in play and to 40 seconds when play is proceeding without such stoppages.
There are two main ways the offense can advance the ball: running and passing. In a typical play, the center passes the ball backwards and between their legs to the quarterback in a process known as the snap.
The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it. The play ends when the player with the ball is tackled or goes out-of-bounds or a pass hits the ground without a player having caught it.
A forward pass can be legally attempted only if the passer is behind the line of scrimmage; only one forward pass can be attempted per down. The offense is given a series of four plays, known as downs.
If the offense advances ten or more yards in the four downs, they are awarded a new set of four downs. If they fail to advance ten yards, possession of the football is turned over to the defense.
In most situations, if the offense reaches their fourth down they will punt the ball to the other team, which forces them to begin their drive from farther down the field; if they are in field goal range , they might attempt to score a field goal instead.
There are two categories of kicks in football: scrimmage kicks, which can be executed by the offensive team on any down from behind or on the line of scrimmage,    and free kicks.
On a kickoff, the ball is placed at the yard line of the kicking team in professional and college play and at the yard line in high school play.
The ball may be drop-kicked or place-kicked. If a place kick is chosen, the ball can be placed on the ground or a tee; a holder may be used in either case.
On a safety kick, the kicking team kicks the ball from their own yard line. They can punt, drop-kick or place-kick the ball, but a tee may not be used in professional play.
Any member of the receiving team may catch or advance the ball. The ball may be recovered by the kicking team once it has gone at least ten yards and has touched the ground or has been touched by any member of the receiving team.
The three types of scrimmage kicks are place kicks, drop kicks, and punts. Only place kicks and drop kicks can score points. If it is touched or recovered by the kicking team beyond this line, it becomes dead at the spot where it was touched.
The receiving team has the option of signaling for a fair catch , which prohibits the defense from blocking into or tackling the receiver.
The play ends as soon as the ball is caught and the ball may not be advanced. Officials are responsible for enforcing game rules and monitoring the clock.
All officials carry a whistle and wear black-and-white striped shirts and black hats except for the referee, whose hat is white. Each carries a weighted yellow flag that is thrown to the ground to signal that a foul has been called.
An official who spots multiple fouls will throw their hat as a secondary signal. Another set of officials, the chain crew , are responsible for moving the chains.
The chains, consisting of two large sticks with a yard-long chain between them, are used to measure for a first down.
The chain crew stays on the sidelines during the game, but if requested by the officials they will briefly bring the chains on to the field to measure.
A typical chain crew will have at least three people—two members of the chain crew will hold either of the two sticks, while a third will hold the down marker.
The down marker, a large stick with a dial on it, is flipped after each play to indicate the current down and is typically moved to the approximate spot of the ball.
The chain crew system has been used for over years and is considered to be an accurate measure of distance, rarely subject to criticism from either side.
Football is a full-contact sport, and injuries are relatively common. Most injuries occur during training sessions, particularly ones that involve contact between players.
At a minimum players must wear a football helmet and a set of shoulder pads , but individual leagues may require additional padding such as thigh pads and guards, knee pads, chest protectors, and mouthguards.
The most common types of injuries are strains , sprains , bruises , fractures, dislocations , and concussions.
Repeated concussions and possibly sub-concussive head impacts  can increase a person's risk in later life for CTE chronic traumatic encephalopathy and mental health issues such as dementia , Parkinson's disease , and depression.
A study performed by the VA Boston Healthcare System and the Boston University School of Medicine found that tackle football before age 12 was correlated with earlier onset of symptoms of CTE, but not with symptom severity.
More specifically, each year a player played tackle football under age 12 predicted earlier onset of cognitive, behavioral, and mood problems by an average of two and a half years.
College football is the third-most popular sport in the United States, behind professional baseball and professional football.
High school football is the most popular sport in the United States played by boys; over 1. The NFHS is the largest organization for high school football, with member associations in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia.
USA Football is the governing body for youth and amateur football,  and Pop Warner Little Scholars is the largest organization for youth football.
Several professional football leagues have been formed outside the auspices of the NFL. One such league, the XFL , is currently operating as of Other attempts to start rival leagues since the AFL merged with the NFL in have been far less successful, as professional football salaries and the NFL's television contracts began to escalate out of the reach of competitors and the NFL covered more of the larger cities.
The World Football League WFL played for two seasons, in and , but faced such severe monetary issues it could not pay its players.
In its second and final season the WFL attempted to establish a stable credit rating, but the league disbanded before the season could be completed.
Originally not intended as a rival league, the entry of owners who sought marquee talent and to challenge the NFL led to an escalation in salaries and ensuing financial losses.
Despite television contracts with NBC and UPN , and high expectations, the XFL suffered from low quality of play and poor reception for its use of tawdry professional wrestling gimmicks , which caused initially high ratings and attendance to collapse.
The United Football League UFL began in but folded after suspending its season amid declining interest and lack of major television coverage.
American football leagues exist throughout the world, but the game has yet to achieve the international success and popularity of baseball and basketball.
These countries rank far below the United States, which is dominant at the international level. The league operates in a promotion and relegation structure with German Football League 2 GFL2 , which also has 16 teams.
The competition is contested between the top six European teams. American football federations are present in Africa , the Americas , Asia , Europe and Oceania ; a total of 64 national football federations exist as of July These include the predominant participation of men in international play and the short three-week Olympic schedule.
Large team sizes are an additional difficulty, due to the Olympics' set limit of 10, athletes and coaches. American football also has an issue with a lack of global visibility.
Professional football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll since , when it surpassed baseball for the first time. In a study, the NCAA estimated there were around 1.
American football also plays a significant role in American culture. The day on which the Super Bowl is held is considered a de facto national holiday ,  and in parts of the country like Texas , the sport has been compared to a religion.
Merit is rewarded, not punished. Masculinity is celebrated, not feminized. People of various beliefs and backgrounds — a melting pot, if you will — must unify for a common goal for the team to be successful".
The safety of the sport has also sparked national controversy in American popular culture. It is often received as "overly aggressive", and defamiliarized in popular culture.
Bennet Omalu , a neuropathologist who was the first to discover and publish findings of chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE.
In Canada, the game has a significant following. It was the second-most popular sport in Mexico in the s, with the game being particularly popular in colleges.
Japan was introduced to the sport in by Paul Rusch , a teacher and Christian missionary who helped to establish football teams at three universities in Tokyo.
Play was halted during World War II, but the sport began growing in popularity again after the war. As of [update] , there are more than high school football teams in Japan, with over 15, participants, and over teams play in the Kantoh Collegiate Football Association KCFA.
Europe is a major target for the expansion of the game by football organizers. In the United Kingdom in the s, the sport was popular, with the Super Bowl being watched by over four million people about 1 out of every 14 Britons.
Its popularity faded during the s, coinciding with the establishment of the Premier League —top level of the English football league system. According to BBC America , there is a "social stigma" surrounding American football in the UK, with many Brits feeling the sport has no right to call itself "football" due to the lack of emphasis on kicking.
Super Bowl viewership has also rebounded, with over 4. In Brazil , football is a growing sport. It was generally unknown there until the s when a small group of players began playing on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro.
The sport grew gradually with amateur players registering within 20 years. Games were played on the beach with modified rules and without the traditional football equipment due to its lack of availability in Brazil.
Eventually, a tournament, the Carioca championship, was founded, with the championship Carioca Bowl played to determine a league champion.
The country saw its first full-pad game of football in October The sport's increase in popularity has been attributed to games aired on ESPN , which began airing in Brazil in with Portuguese commentary.
The network, along with Esporte Interativo , airs games there on cable television. Football is often associated in Brazil as being the sport of supermodel Gisele Bündchen 's husband Tom Brady.
The NFL has expressed interest in having games in the country, and the Super Bowl has become a widely watched event in Brazil at bars and movie theaters.
Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football—both sports developed from rugby and are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.
Indoor football leagues constitute what The New York Times writer Mike Tanier described as the "most minor of minor leagues.
The Indoor Football League is an example of a prominent indoor league. There are several non-contact variants of football like flag football. Depending on the rules used, a game of touch football may require the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team field sport. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football.
For other uses, see American football disambiguation. Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl.
Football gridiron. Team sport ball game. Football Football helmet Pads shoulder , thigh, knee , and optionally elbow pads.
Main article: Football word. Main article: History of American football. Main article: American football positions.
Main article: American football rules. Main article: American football field. See also: Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football.
See also: Protective equipment in gridiron football and Health issues in American football. Main article: American football in the United States.
See also: Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football portal. American football strategy Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Fantasy football American List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Steroid use in American football.
Pro Football Talk. NBC Sports. Archived from the original on December 30, Retrieved January 14, Britannica Online Encyclopedia.
Archived from the original on June 14, Retrieved July 13, What's In A Name? Retrieved April 19, BBC News.
Archived from the original on June 9, Retrieved June 28, Australian Broadcasting Company. Archived from the original on October 28, September Archived from the original on March 1, Rutgers University.
Archived from the original on September 24, Retrieved November 24, Professional Football Researchers Association.
Special teams , the team that takes care of free kicks, kickoff, and field goal attempts along with the punts. Only 11 players are on the field from each team at any point of time.
The offense team lines up the field on the line of scrimmage, with 1 center player having the control of the ball, 2 guard players on both right and left side of the centre player, 2 tackle players positioned outside of the guard players on both sides.
A quarterback player standing right behind the centre player is the primary passer and ball handler. A tight end player is lined up on the left side of the centre player slightly behind the tackle players.
He is the powerful player who has extra blocking control. There are 2 wide receiver players stationed 7 yards away from the centre player on both strong and weak sides, who will receive the ball and are fastest in passing the ball.
A halfback player placed behind the wide receiver players runs, blocks, receives, and passes the ball. An important player who is extremely powerful runner, excellent blocker and good passer is positioned in the fullback on the strong side.
The defence team lines up on the defence line of scrimmage, exactly opposing the offense team, with 2 tackle and 2 end players blocking the centre player of the offense, being the strongest are known as front four.
The front four players battles headto-head against the offense. Their main aim is to stop the running attack, rush the passer and take control of the ball.
They are even permitted to use their hands against the offense. A nose tackle player positioned as the middleman to help the defence line players.
There are 3 linebackers stationed exactly behind the tackle and end players. They are the most handymen with their main objective to pursue running, play, drop back, defending against the passes, and disrupting the pass plays.
Two cornerback players, also known as defensive backs, are placed a little behind the linebackers in the area of defence called secondary area.
These players are required to tackle fast runners in the plays and interrupt the passing. They also have commendable speed to strike down the wide receivers of the offense.
The last two players called the safeties will try to take the control of the ball from the offense. Both the teams try to gain points by crossing the goal line and getting into the end zone.
The opponent team called the defence tries to stop the offensive team and takes the control over the ball. Out of both the teams, the team with the ball has to score more points or the team is forced to give up the possession of the ball.
The offensive and defensive teams change roles the offensive team goes on defence and the defensive team goes on offense.
The same continues back and forth, until all four 15 minute quarters of the game have been played. The game starts with the kickoff. The ovoid ball is placed on a tee a cone shaped platform which holds the ball at the defence's yard line, and a special kicker also known as a placekicker kicks the ball to the offense.
Any player from offense team will try to catch the ball and advance to the defence. When a kickoff is caught in the offense's end zone, the kicker has two options to play.
First option is to run the ball away from the end zone and second option is to kneel down in the end zone to gesture a touchback and to stop the play immediately.
The ball is positioned on the yard line and game is started again. Every time the offense gets hold of the ball and has four downs or chances to gain 10 yards.
If the offensive team effectively passes and moves the ball 10 or more yards, they earn a first down and similarly other set of four downs.
If the offense fails to gain 10 yards space then they lose control of the ball. The defence tries to prevent the offense from scoring and gaining the 10 yards needed for first down.
If the offense reaches fourth down then they end up punting the ball kicks it away. This makes the defence team to begin its game from further down the field.
One of the important game rules of American Football is the play from scrimmage. It is the movement of the game during which one team tries to advance the ball, get a first down, or a point, and the other team tries to stop them or take the ball away.
These plays from scrimmage include—field goal attempts from either a place kick or a drop kick , passing the ball, retaining the ball and running, punting the ball dropping the ball from the hands and then before it reaches the ground, kicking the ball , or freekicks such as kick-offs and fair catch kicks.
The game also consists of a series of downs , referred to as a time period in which the individual plays in a certain duration, outside of which the ball is dead or not in play.
Replacement of players can be made only between the downs, which allows for a great deal of choice for the team to send in the best suitable player for that particular situation.
Usually the game begins with the snap of the ball at the line of scrimmage. The quarterback of the offense calls out a play in code and the centre player passes or snaps the ball under his legs.
The quarterback than continues from there and takes a quick decision on either to throw the ball or run with it. The offense can advance the ball in two ways.
First one is The Run and this happens when the quarterback player passes the ball off to a running back player, who attempts to gain as many yards as possible by escaping the defensive players.
The quarterback is also one of the runners and is permitted to run with the ball. Another alternative to taking the ball is to Pass it.
The quarterback player generally passes the ball to trick the defence. Any other player from the offensive team can also pass the ball as long as the pass is thrown from behind the line of scrimmage.
A pass is complete after another offensive player catches the ball, typically the wide receiver or tight end player of the catch the ball.
The defence players stop the offense from progressing with the ball by getting the ball to the ground. A player is said to be Tackled when the players knees touch the ground.
This results in end of the play. A play also finishes in case if the player runs out of boundaries. The game is played on a point based scoring system.
The main objective of the players is to score points and team with scoring highest number of points is declared winner of the game.
According to the scoring structure points can be scored in four methods that is Touchdown, Extra point PAT , Field goal, and Safety points.
The player who is successful in advancing the ball or otherwise gains control of the ball by catching it in the end zone is qualified as a touchdown.
If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the quarterback is also credited with a passing touchdown. It is the biggest single score in the whole game worth six points, and it allows the scoring team an opportunity to attempt to get an extra point.
Following a Touchdown the ball is spotted at the opponent's two-yard line, the offense has two possibilities.
Either the offense will try for an extra point called the Point After Touchdown PAT conversion or the offense magnificently kicks the ball through the goal post to earn one point.
Since a field goal is worth only three points, as opposed to a touchdown , which is worth six points, it is usually only attempted in specific situations see Strategy.
The goal structure consists of a horizontal crossbar suspended 10 feet 3. As a field goal is worth only three points, while a touchdown scores at least six which usually becomes seven with a successful conversion , and potentially 8 with a two-point conversion , teams will generally attempt a field goal only in the following situations:.
Except in desperate situations, a team will generally attempt field goals only when keeping a drive alive is unlikely, and its kicker has a significant chance of success, as a missed field goal results in a turnover at the spot of the kick in the NFL or at the line of scrimmage in the NCAA.
In American high school rules and Canadian football, where a missed field goal is treated the same as a punt, most teams still opt not to attempt field goals from very long range since field goal formations are not conducive to covering kick returns.
Even under ideal conditions, the best professional kickers historically had difficulty making kicks longer than 50 yards consistently. A punt cannot score any points in American football unless the receiving team touches the ball first and the kicking team recovers it though it can result in a single in Canadian football , but it may push the other team back toward its own end.
NFL Europe encouraged long field goals of 50 yards or more by making those worth four points instead of three much like Australian rules' Super Goal or basketball's three-point line , a rule since adopted by the Stars Football League.
Similarly, the sport of arena football sought unsuccessfully to repopularize the drop kick by making that worth four points; it failed, since only one kicker Brian Mitchell was able to do it with any semblance of proficiency.
In six-man football , where there is no offensive line, all field goals are worth four points instead of the usual three. The overall field goal percentage during the NFL season was In comparison, Jan Stenerud , one of only three pure kickers in the Pro Football Hall of Fame along with fellow placekicker Morten Andersen and punter Ray Guy , had a career field goal percentage of When a team decides to attempt a field goal, it will generally line up in a very tight formation, with all but two players lined up along or near the line of scrimmage: the placekicker and the holder.
The holder is usually the team's punter or backup quarterback. The holder usually lines up seven to eight yards behind the line of scrimmage, with the kicker a few yards behind him.
Upon receiving the snap, the holder holds the ball against the ground vertically, with the stitches away from the kicker.
The kicker begins his approach during the snap, so the snapper and holder have little margin for error. A split-second mistake can disrupt the entire attempt.
Depending on the level of play, the ball, upon reaching the holder, is held up by either the aid of a small rubber "tee" all ranks up to the high school level, which is not the same as the kickoff tee, but rather a small platform, and comes in either 1 or 2 inch varieties or is held up by the ground in college and at the professional level.
The measurement of a field goal's distance is from the goalpost to the point where the ball was positioned for the kick by the holder.
In American football, where the goalpost is located at the back of the end zone above the end line , the ten yards of the end zone are added to the yard line distance at the spot of the hold.
Until the s, placekickers approached the ball straight on , with the toe making first contact with the ball. The technique of kicking the ball " soccer-style ", by approaching the ball at an angle and kicking it with the instep, was introduced by Hungarian -born kicker Pete Gogolak in the s.
The soccer-style kick gained popularity and was nearly universal by the late s; the last straight-on kicker in the NFL was Mark Moseley , who retired in If there is any time left in the half, the method of resuming play after a successful field goal varies between leagues.
A missed field goal is said to be "no good" if the kicked ball does not cross between the uprights and over the crossbar of the goal posts.
If it misses to the side of the uprights, it may be called "wide left" or "wide right" as the case may be.
A field goal attempt may be described as "short" if it does not have sufficient distance to go over the cross bar. Some commentators will only describe a field goal attempt as being short if it appears to have been aimed correctly while others will describe an attempt appearing to lack both accuracy and distance as being both wide and short.
If a field goal attempt is missed and does not go out of bounds, a defensive player may catch the ball and return it, like a punt or kickoff.
Or a defensive player may pick up the ball on the bounce or while rolling before it stops rolling and is declared dead by a referee.
This type of play usually occurs during an extremely long field goal attempt due to the distance the defense must travel to reach the returner.
If there is a significant likelihood of a miss and the strategic game situation warrants it, the defense places a player downfield, in or near their end zone, to catch the ball.
The risk in this is that the return man may be tackled deep in his own territory, at a considerably worse position than he could have gotten by letting the ball go dead see below ; furthermore, should the returner fumble the ball, the kicking team can recover it and gain a new set of downs the advantage is that the kicking team is lined up very close together to stop kick blockers, and not spread across the field like a kickoff or punt team, and is therefore in poor position to defend the return.
Thus, teams will usually return a kick only towards the end of a half when the kick will be the final play or in a particularly desperate situation.
If a ball caroms off one of the goal posts or the crossbar, but lands in the field of play, the ball is considered dead and cannot be returned.
This is not the case in arena football , where large "rebound nets" surround the goal posts for the explicit purpose of keeping the ball in play.
However, if the ball caroms off one of the goal posts or the crossbar and continues into the goal, the score counts. Situations where the defense does not return a missed field goal vary between leagues and levels of play:.
Occasionally, the defense will succeed in blocking a field goal. If a blocked field goal is in or behind the neutral zone, it is treated like a fumble and can be advanced by either team.
Beyond the neutral zone, a blocked kick is treated like a punt and can be advanced only by the defense, unless a defensive player fumbles the ball, after which an offensive player can advance it.
In the early days of football, kicking was highly emphasized. In , the scoring system was devised, with field goals counting for five points, and touchdowns and conversions worth four apiece.
In , the touchdown was raised to five points while the conversion was lowered to one point. Field goals were devalued to four points in , and then to the modern three points in The touchdown was changed to six points in in American football; the Canadian game followed suit in The spot of the conversion has also changed through the years.
In , NCAA rules spotted the conversion at the 3-yard line, before moving it back to the 5-yard line in In , the spot was moved up to the 2-yard line, matching the NFL.
Canadian rules originally spotted the conversion at the 5-yard line, which remains closer than in the American code for kicked conversions as the goalposts are at the front of the end zone.
In , to make conversion kicks harder, the NFL and CFL moved the line of scrimmage for conversion kicks to the and yard lines, respectively.
The CFL also moved the spot for two-point conversion attempts to the 3-yard line, while then NFL remained at the 2-yard line.
The goalposts were originally located on the goal line; this led to many injuries and sometimes interfered with play.
The NCAA moved the goal posts to the rear of the end zone in The NFL kept the goal posts at the goal line until , when they were moved back to the rear of the end zone, where they have remained since.
This was partly a result of the narrowed hashmark distance made in , which had made for easier field-goal angles. The Canadian game still has posts on the goal line.
The width of the goalposts and the hashmarks have also varied throughout the years. The NFL increased the height of the uprights above the crossbar to 20 feet 6.
In , they were raised five feet to 35 feet The "slingshot" goalpost, with a single post curving to support the crossbar, was invented by Jim Trimble and Joel Rottman in Montreal, Quebec , Canada.
The NFL had standardized the goalposts in and adopted the slingshot for the season;  the NCAA later adopted the same rule, but later allowed the use of "offset" goalposts, with two posts rather than one which were the norm prior to the invention of the "slingshot" goalposts.
Goalposts at the professional level today are sometimes equipped with a camera mounted to the stanchion immediately behind the center of the crossbar.
Since these cameras are both above and slightly behind the crossbar, a field goal attempt will be judged good if it strikes this equipment.
Unlike in the lower ranks of football up to the high school level, the NFL and most other professional leagues has never allowed the use of small rubber tees for field goal attempts, having always required kickers to kick off the ground for such attempts and for extra points.
During the NFL season, a record 90 field goals of 50 yards or longer were made. According to the Guinness World Records , the longest recorded field goal successfully kicked at any level was 69 yards.
The longest field goal made in a game was 64 yards by Matt Prater of the Denver Broncos. In the history of the NFL regular season, only 22 field goals have been made from at least 60 yards: .
All of the above kicks were successful with the use of a kicking tee, which was banned by the NCAA after the season. The longest known drop-kicked field goal in college football was a yard kick from Pat O'Dea , an Australian kicker who played on the Wisconsin Badgers football team.
O'Dea's kick took place in a blizzard against Northwestern on November 15, The field goal was the final and winning play of the 81st Hardy Cup.
Field goal returns are rare in the NFL, since an attempt with sufficient distance that misses the uprights will automatically be dead.
Returns are possible when a field goal is short, but in that case returners will usually down the ball so as to scrimmage from the spot of the kick.
Normally, a return will only be attempted when there is not enough time left in the half to run a play from scrimmage.
Nevertheless, four field goals have been returned for at least yards in the 21st century the record set by Antonio Cromartie in is also the maximum amount of yards that can be achieved on a scoring play :.
Because the goalposts in Canadian football are on the goal line, and because downing the ball in the end zone results in the kicking team scoring a single point , field goal returns are much more common.
The longest missed field goal return in the CFL is total yards. Against the Montreal Alouettes on August 22, , the Toronto Argonauts ' Boyd Carter ran 15 yards, then threw a lateral to Dave Mann , who then returned it for the final yards.
Since the shortening of the end zones in the CFL in , a field goal has been returned for the maximum yards on four occasions: by Bashir Levingston of the Toronto Argonauts on June 28, ,  by Dominique Dorsey also of the Toronto Argonauts on August 2, ,  by Tristan Jackson of the Saskatchewan Roughriders on July 14,  and by Trent Guy of the Montreal Alouettes on September 23, In NCAA college football, only five missed field goals returns for touchdowns have ever been returned yards or more: .
In U Sports football, like in the CFL, the longest possible missed field goal return is yards, and this has occurred three times.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Field goal American football. This article is about field goals in gridiron football.
For field goals in rugby league and rugby union, see Field goal rugby. For field goals in basketball, see Field goal basketball. For the video game, see Field Goal video game.
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